Obama hails end of Afghan combat

Published: Friday 26th December 2014 by The News Editor

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US president Barack Obama has marked the end of more than a decade of combat in Afghanistan by paying tribute to America’s military, telling troops their sacrifices have allowed for a more peaceful, prosperous world to emerge from the ashes of September 11.

In a Christmas Day speech at Kaneohe Bay, an oceanfront US Marine Corps base in Hawaii, Mr Obama told troops that while tough challenges remained for the military in hotspots like Iraq and west Africa, the world as a whole was better off because American troops put country first and served with distinction. He said Americans and their president could not be more thankful.

“Because of the extraordinary service of the men and women in the American armed forces, Afghanistan has a chance to rebuild its own country,” he said to applause from marines and their families. “We are safer. It’s not going to be a source of terrorist attacks again.”

Thirteen years and one trillion dollars (£645m) later, the US is preparing to pull the vast majority of its combat troops out of Afghanistan by the end of the year as America and its partners seek to turn the page on a bloody chapter that started the day al Qaida fanatics struck US soil on September 11 2011.

From a peak 140,000 troops in 2010, the US and Nato plan to leave just 13,500 behind for training and battlefield support.

Although there are reasons for cautious optimism, including a new Afghan president whose seriousness of effort has inspired US confidence, the broader picture still looks grim.

America is shifting to a supporting role after the bloodiest year in Afghanistan since the 2001 US-led invasion. Civilian casualties this year are on track to hit 10,000, and some 5,000 Afghan forces were also killed in 2014, a figure that has escalated as the country took on a greater role in its own security.

Insurgents have seized territory across the country, raising fears that Islamic militants will successfully exploit the security vacuum formed as the US pulls out.

About 2,200 US troops were killed in Afghanistan over the last 13 years in a war that cost America one trillion dollars, plus another 100 billion (£64.5bn) for reconstruction. A celebratory cheer of “hooah” rang out from the hundreds of troops in Hawaii when Mr Obama affirmed that the combat mission was finally ending.

“We still have some very difficult missions around the world – including in Iraq,” he said. But, he added: “The world is better, it’s safer, it’s more peaceful, it’s more prosperous and our homeland protected because of you.”

On the US mainland and across the globe, other prominent leaders were fanning out, echoing the president’s message with their own Christmas visits and phone calls to American troops.

Vice president Joe Biden and his wife Jill visited Walter Reed National Military Medical Centre in Bethesda, Maryland, to spend time with wounded troops and their families and express gratitude for their service. Defence secretary Chuck Hagel called military members on deployment, the Pentagon said, including those in Afghanistan and others assigned to US Central Command, which is running the US mission to fight the Islamic State (IS) group in Iraq and Syria.

Republican senator John McCain was spending Christmas in Kabul, Afghanistan, where the former navy pilot met Afghan president Ashraf Ghani and his chief executive officer Abdullah Abdullah.

Mr McCain, a chief critic of Mr Obama’s foreign policy, will lead the Senate Armed Services Committee next year.

Published: Friday 26th December 2014 by The News Editor

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